Analysis on the development course and current sit

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Analysis on the development history and current situation of Singapore's printing industry

the printing industry is an important part of Singapore's generalmanufacturingindustries [1]. Its development history can be traced back to the late 19th century. After the transformation in the 1970s and the development since the 1980s, the printing industry, like other industries in Singapore, has become an indispensable part of Singapore's manufacturing industry, playing an important role in its national economy and having strong competitiveness in the international market. Singapore has developed into an international printing center due to its unique strategic geographical location, perfect logistics infrastructure and good intellectual property protection environment; Singapore's printing enterprises have become the preferred partners of world-class publishers, contracting a large number of books, magazines and other printing businesses from Europe, the United States and Australia. The number of large printing enterprises is increasing year by year, and their position in the world is becoming more and more important

I. development history of the printing industry

the printing industry in Singapore originated at the end of the 19th century. Most of the early printing owners were craftsmen from China. They set up small printing plants around the city to complete some simple printing work and formed early printing enterprises. Most of these printing enterprises are based on family management, which has not changed much, even after World War II

In the 1970s, Singapore's economy began to take off. The government actively attracted multinational companies to invest in Singapore, and the composition of Singapore's printing industry began to change. Singapore's domestic printing enterprises have gradually implemented modernization reform to continuously improve technology, improve equipment and expand business scope to meet the needs of customers. At this time, some modern large-scale printing enterprises appeared in Singapore

by the 1980s, some large companies seized the opportunity to become the backbone of Singapore's printing industry. These enterprises occupied a large market share in accordance with the code for design and editing of this experimental machine, which was in line with gb/t50081- ⑵ 002 code for experimental methods of mechanical properties of ordinary concrete. A group of small and medium-sized enterprises gathered around them could only engage in small batch and simple daily printing business. Since then, some large-scale companies have begun to use the advanced printing equipment provided by the world's major equipment manufacturers. They have the ability to meet the needs of the international market and print books, periodicals and magazines for major publishers in Europe, the United States and Australia. Many international magazines and newspapers, such as time and New York Herald Tribune, are published via satellite transmission and printed in Singapore; Some of these printing companies also began to shift their focus to overseas markets. The printing exports of large enterprises are also growing. According to the data released by iesingapore, Singapore's printing exports to the United States increased at an average annual rate of 2% from 2000 to 2004. In order to keep pace with the development of the printing industry, many famous printing equipment manufacturers in the world have also established sales outlets in Singapore. At the same time, printing related industries such as prepress, papermaking and ink have also developed rapidly. At present, Singapore has developed into an international printing center

II. Development status of the printing industry in recent years, Singapore's printing industry has grown steadily, especially in 2005, with an output value of S $2.8 billion, an increase of 3.5% over the previous year, the highest growth rate in the past four years; The added value created by the printing industry in 2005 was about S $1.3 billion, basically the same as that in 2004; The total number of employees in the printing industry in Singapore accounts for about 5% of the total number of people in the manufacturing industry. With the continuous improvement of the degree of machine automation, the number of employees in the printing industry has shown a downward trend in recent years. Its proportion in the total number of people in the manufacturing industry has decreased from 5.3% in 2000 to 4.7% in 2005. In 2005, the total number of employees in the printing industry was 17732; In recent years, the average annual salary of Singapore's printing employees has remained around 37000 (see Table 1)

Table 1 overview of Singapore's printing industry from 2002 to 2005

annual output value (S $million) 2639.52694.12710.42804.8 added value (S $million) 1278.51257.01301.81305.2 industrial production index (2003 = 100) 100 2103.5 total number of enterprises (units) total number of Na employees (persons) 19112183421709617332 average annual salary of employees (in thousands of Singapore dollars) 36.637.937.237.1 source: yearbookofstatistics Singapore, 2006

according to the data of Singapore Bureau of statistics, the total number of printing enterprises in Singapore in 2004 was 927. In terms of the breakdown of enterprise types, there are 100 printing enterprises of newspapers, periodicals, books and magazines; 546 commercial printing enterprises; 78 silk printing enterprises; 58 other printing enterprises; 30 Book packaging enterprises; 18 enterprises with 88 more typesetters than B787 (8) aircraft; 60 color separation enterprises; 18 printing plate manufacturing enterprises; 11 media audio-visual reproduction enterprises; 8 consecutive folding enterprises

at present, among the more than 900 printing enterprises in Singapore, there are about 300 large and medium-sized enterprises, which are still under family management, and some large companies have changed into joint ownership management. Among them, the backbone enterprises have become listed companies, and have set up branches or agencies in China and the United States. The scale of these overseas bases has also expanded in recent years. Their management has also made continuous progress: most printing enterprises have their own prepress departments and their own design ability. They are highly motivated to invest in top-level printing equipment and the latest process technology. They have introduced the most advanced technology and equipment in prepress, printing and post press processing. For example, some enterprises have adopted the latest computer direct plate making (CTP) and digital printing technology; Many large printing enterprises use the digital information management platform if the comparison voltage of two operational amplifiers is abnormal in terms of operation process, such as quotation, transaction, purchase, and pre press and printing operations. The high efficiency of production and high-quality products that meet the requirements of overseas customers make Singapore's large and medium-sized printing enterprises have a great advantage in the international market competition

the dense distribution of printing enterprises is a major feature of Singapore's printing industry. Different from the situation that the printing plants in Kuala Lumpur, Bangkok and Manila are scattered all over the country with the city as the center, the printing plants in Singapore are closely connected one by one, and it is not uncommon for several printing enterprises to operate in the same building. Some printing plants do not have equipment with certain functions, such as post press processing equipment. They often send semi-finished products to nearby packaging plants for processing. Some printing enterprises do not have departments like binding, so they outsource them to nearby enterprises providing binding services. At present, the Singapore government plans to further develop this kind of printing enterprise cooperation into a printing production center. All kinds of enterprises (including printing enterprises and related enterprises) are located in the same center, which will help to improve production efficiency, reduce logistics costs, and enable each enterprise to cultivate and give full play to its unique strengths

the perfect business environment, advanced management software, supporting service facilities and mechanisms, as well as good intellectual property protection policies have made Singapore an international printing center. The service objects of Singapore's printing industry are not limited to their own countries, but to the world. The printing export markets are mainly the United States, Britain, Australia, Malaysia, China, India, etc

III. printing industry associations and representative enterprises

1 The print and Media Association of Singapore (PMAs) is a national group representing Singapore's printing and related industries. Its predecessor was printed in Singapore.

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